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Every five years, the U.S. Census Bureau collects extensive statistics about businesses that are essential to understanding the American economy.  This official count, better known as the Economic Census, serves as the foundation for the measurement of U.S. businesses and their economic impact.  As part of the Census Bureau’s mission to provide timely information on the health of the U.S. economy, this “business” census serves as the most extensive collection of data related to business activity.  Nearly 4 million businesses, large, medium and small, covering most industries and all geographic areas of the United States will receive surveys tailored to their primary business activity.

Data on manufacturing are collected more frequently in surveys like the annual survey of manufactures (ASM) and commodity surveys used to prepare Current Industrial Reports (CIR’s). The ASM provides information for the years between the censuses. This survey has been taken since 1949. Since it collects data from a sample of manufacturers, rather than all manufacturers as the census does, data are generally provided only for the United States and States. The CIR series provides monthly, quarterly, and annual data on production, shipments, and/or inventories of selected products or on special subjects.

For more information on manufacturing Data contact: Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC 20233-0800, (301)4570-4100, FAX: (301)457-4104